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Basic Codes For Newbies

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Basic Codes For Newbies

Post by Psycho Dancer on Mon Jun 22, 2009 12:50 am

Code:
int main ()
{
  cout <<
    "Hello World!";
  cout
    << "I'm Paul";
  return 0;
}

int main ()
Spoiler:
This line corresponds to the beginning of the definition of the main function. The main function is the point by where all C++ programs start their execution, independently of its location within the source code. It does not matter whether there are other functions with other names defined before or after it - the instructions contained within this function's definition will always be the first ones to be executed in any C++ program. For that same reason, it is essential that all C++ programs have a main function.

The word main is followed in the code by a pair of parentheses (()). That is because it is a function declaration: In C++, what differentiates a function declaration from other types of expressions are these parentheses that follow its name. Optionally, these parentheses may enclose a list of parameters within them.

cout << "Hello World!";
Spoiler:
This line is a C++ statement. A statement is a simple or compound expression that can actually produce some effect. In fact, this statement performs the only action that generates a visible effect in our first program.

cout represents the standard output stream in C++, and the meaning of the entire statement is to insert a sequence of characters (in this case the Hello World sequence of characters) into the standard output stream (which usually is the screen).

cout is declared in the iostream standard file within the std namespace, so that's why we needed to include that specific file and to declare that we were going to use this specific namespace earlier in our code.

Notice that the statement ends with a semicolon character (Wink. This character is used to mark the end of the statement and in fact it must be included at the end of all expression statements in all C++ programs (one of the most common syntax errors is indeed to forget to include some semicolon after a statement).

return 0;
Spoiler:
The return statement causes the main function to finish. return may be followed by a return code (in our example is followed by the return code 0). A return code of 0 for the main function is generally interpreted as the program worked as expected without any errors during its execution. This is the most usual way to end a C++ console program.

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Re: Basic Codes For Newbies

Post by PLAYBOY[FORBIDDEN_LOVE] on Wed Jul 08, 2009 10:27 pm

tnx d2
tnx for info.
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Re: Basic Codes For Newbies

Post by `qulata.3o94 :) on Sat Aug 15, 2009 6:36 pm

weee Smile cheers Very Happy haha Razz
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Re: Basic Codes For Newbies

Post by chix_kiz on Sat Aug 15, 2009 7:13 pm

I'll need it
am always a newbie Very Happy

thanks psycho
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